Review on the Current Status of Ethiopian Indigenous Goat Production
Siraj Sh. Mohamed Adam1*, Ibrahim Mohammed2
1 Meta Agricultural Office, School of Animal and Range Sciences, Haramaya University, Haramaya, Ethiopia, P. O. Box 138, Dire Dawa, Ethiopia
2Goro Muti Agricultural Office, School of Animal and Range Sciences, Haramaya University, Haramaya, Ethiopia, P. O. Box 138, Dire Dawa, Ethiopia
Abstract: This review aims to generate basic information for beneficiaries and users about the indigenous breed of Ethiopian goats and their productive performance, social and economic significance of goat production, and major goat production programs in Ethiopia. Some of the constraints and opportunities for goat production are also discussed in this paper. Ethiopia has a large number of livestock; 65.35 million cattle, 39.89 million sheep, 50.50 million goats, 8.98 million donkeys, 2.11 million horses, 7.70 million camels, 0.38 million mules and 48, 96 million chickens. The country has the largest number of goats on the continent, which serves several functions for the communities. In Ethiopia, goat production represents 16.8% of the total meat and 16.7% of milk consumption. Indigenous Ethiopian goats are less productive than cold breeds. Goat production was largely affected by food shortages, diseases and parasites, market depressions, low genetic production and severe water shortages. There are ways to increase goat production, as various development partners are involved in higher education. Currently, research and development is underway on goat development. It is important to use modern production systems with advanced technology in urban and urban areas and to improve the traditional system in rural areas by adding food and better medical care.
Keywords: Goat Production, Performance, Challenges, Opportunities, Ethiopia.
International Journal of Ground Sediment & Water
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